The DO's & DON'T'S of Wikipedia use for academic sources:
Straight from the horse's mouth: HERE is what Wikipedia says about using Wikipedia as an academic source.
Commercial site. The information provided by commercial interests is generally going to shed a positive light on the product it promotes. While this information might not necessarily be false, you might be getting only part of the picture. Remember, there's a monetary incentive behind every commercial site in providing you with information, whether it is for good public relations or to sell you a product outright.
Educational institution. Sites using this domain name are schools ranging from kindergarten to higher education. If you take a look at your school's URL you'll notice that it ends with the domain .edu. Information from sites within this domain must be examined very carefully. If it is from a department or research center at a educational institution, it can generally be taken as credible. However, students' personal Web sites are not usually monitored by the school even though they are on the school's server and use the .edu domain.
Government. If you come across a site with this domain, then you're viewing a federal government site. All branches of the United States federal government use this domain. Information such as Census statistics, Congressional hearings, and Supreme Court rulings would be included in sites with this domain. The information is considered to be from a credible source.
Traditionally a non-profit organization. Organizations such as the American Red Cross or PBS (Public Broadcasting System) use this domain suffix. Generally, the information in these types of sites is credible and unbiased, but there are examples of organizations that strongly advocate specific points of view over others, such as the National Right to Life Committee and Planned Parenthood. You probably want to give this domain a closer scrutiny these days. Some commercial interests might be the ultimate sponsors of a site with this suffix.
Military. This domain suffix is used by the various branches of the Armed Forces of the United States.
Network. You might find any kind of site under this domain suffix. It acts as a catch-all for sites that don't fit into any of the preceding domain suffixes. Information from these sites should be given careful scrutiny.
|Country domain suffixes|
Information from The Online Library Learning Center (http://www.usg.edu/galileo/skills/unit07/internet07_08.phtml)
site: To search only one website or domain > example: "smartphones site:.gov" (for government websites pertaining to smartphones)
related: List web pages that are similar or related to a URL > example: "related: http://www.pewinternet.org/2015/04/09/teens-social-media-technology-2015/" (find websites related to the Pew Research Center website search results)
link: Find other pages that point to a specific URL > example: " link: www.nbcnews.com/health/kids-health/half-all-teenagers-are-addicted-their-smartphones-survey-finds-n566811" (find other results that are linked to the nbc news link)
So a Google search on 'teenagers and smartphones' using the "Search tools" options to narrow down by dates within the past year, looks like this...
What Keywords you use will make difference in your search results. Watch this short clip to help you learn how to find good ones.
You can apply this checklist when you need a more thorough way to establish credibility.
To find some of this information, try scanning the webpage to find "About" or "About us", or try looking at the corners or very bottom of the page.
C - Currency:
R - Relevance
A - Authority
A - Accuracy
P - Point of view / Bias
HERE is a one page summary to print out for ready reference
The William C. Bonaudi
Library and eLearning Director: